moral hazard


moral hazard
моральный риск
а) в страховом деле - риск недобросовестности, недобросовестного поведения застрахованного лица

moral hazard - a risk to an insurance company resulting from uncertainty about the honesty of the insured (American Heritage Dictionary).

б) в экономике - риске безответственного или, в зависимости от ситуации, недобросовестного финансового поведения (инвестора или должника); такое словоупотребление особенно характерно для крайних либералов-рыночников

The U.S. government's regular practice of extending guarantees to certain countries experiencing financial difficulties [] sends a message to investors, both foreign and domestic, that they can invest with little fear of a total loss. [] That situation is analogous to the moral hazard created by federal deposit insurance. Depositors do not scrutinize banks' financial strengths and weaknesses because they bear no risk of a loss (из доклада Cato Institute).

A number of industries are trying to take advantage of extraordinary times, to get aid that runs counter to market principles. It creates a dangerous precedent and underscores the old moral hazard problem.

The proposals are designed to help resolve the 'moral hazard' problem created by IMF bailouts. Bailouts encourage reckless lending, their critics allege, because lenders are led to believe that if things go wrong the IMF will rescue them (Centre for Economic Policy Research).

Wednesday night's bailout of Long-Term Capital Management, a high-flying hedge fund, has the smell of $3.5 billion worth of moral hazard (из передовой статьи в Wall Street Journal). — Принятое в среду вечером решение о предоставлении экстренной помощи в размере 3,5 миллиарда долларов небезызвестному хедж-фонду Long-Term Capital Management – это, судя по всему, не что иное, как приглашение к безответственности.


The English annotation is below. (English-Russian). 2003.

Смотреть что такое "moral hazard" в других словарях:

  • Moral Hazard — (engl., wörtlich „sittliche Gefährdung“, auch als Subjektives Risiko, moralische Versuchung oder moralisches Risiko bezeichnet) beschreibt das Problem einer Verhaltensänderung durch eine Versicherung gegen ein Risiko.[1] Ursprünglich ein Begriff… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Moral hazard — (engl., wörtlich „sittliche Gefährdung“, auch als Subjektives Risiko, moralische Versuchung oder moralisches Risiko bezeichnet) beschreibt das Problem einer Verhaltensänderung durch eine Versicherung gegen ein Risiko.[1] Ursprünglich ein Begriff… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • moral hazard — mor·al hazard n: the possibility of loss to an insurance company (as by arson) arising from the character or circumstances of the insured deductibles decrease moral hazard Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996 …   Law dictionary

  • Moral Hazard —   [ mɔrəl hæzəd, englisch], subjektives Risiko, ursprünglich aus dem Versicherungswesen stammender Begriff, der dasjenige »moralische« Risiko eines Versicherungsunternehmens bezeichnet, das über das echte Risiko hinaus entsteht, weil sich die… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • moral hazard — n. risk (to an insurance company) arising from the possible dishonesty or imprudence of the insured …   English World dictionary

  • Moral hazard — In economic theory, moral hazard is a situation in which a party insulated from risk behaves differently from how it would behave if it were fully exposed to the risk. Moral hazard arises because an individual or institution does not take the… …   Wikipedia

  • Moral hazard — The risk that the existence of a contract will change the behavior of one or both parties to the contract, e.g. an insured firm will take fewer fire precautions. The New York Times Financial Glossary * * * moral hazard moral hazard ➔ hazard * * * …   Financial and business terms

  • moral hazard — The risk that the existence of a contract will change the behavior of one or both parties to the contract, e.g. an insured firm will take fewer fire precautions. Bloomberg Financial Dictionary * * * moral hazard moral hazard ➔ hazard * * * moral… …   Financial and business terms

  • Moral Hazard — The risk that a party to a transaction has not entered into the contract in good faith, has provided misleading information about its assets, liabilities or credit capacity, or has an incentive to take unusual risks in a desperate attempt to earn …   Investment dictionary

  • moral hazard — The situation in which a person has no incentive to act honestly or with due prudence. The term is mainly used in the insurance world, where a typical example of a person exposed to moral hazard would be the owner of an insured car, who has… …   Big dictionary of business and management

  • moral hazard — An expression of the insurance business; the chance or risk of the insured destroying the property, or permitting it to be destroyed, for the purpose of collecting the insurance. In the law of fire insurance, the term is but another name for a… …   Ballentine's law dictionary

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